compulsory standards



About Compulsory Standards

A standard is a technical document detailing the requirements necessary to ensure that a material, product, service, or procedure is fit for the purpose it was intended. These requirements could include design, material, performance, manufacturing and testing requirements, including packaging and labeling.

Generally national standards are in two forms and these are voluntary and mandatory. Voluntary standards are put in place for business best practice so that there is a level of uniformity and acceptability of the quality and safety of a product. It is also important to note that voluntary standards are not enforced by law or regulation.

However, mandatory standards are what here are referred to as compulsory standards. Compulsory standards contain mandatory specifications or minimum requirements that products must meet before they are supplied on to the market. Manufacturers of goods that are subject to compulsory standards must ensure they meet the requirements of the particular standard relating to their product of choice before it is introduced on the market to prevent or reduce the risk of injury or harm to a person or the environment.

It is a legal requirement for any producer or importer of goods or products subjected to compulsory standards to comply with the law. The Compulsory Standards Act No. 3 of 2017 clearly stipulates what manufacturers and importers should do before manufacturing or importing a product that is subject to compulsory standards and the punitive action which should be taken against such a manufacturer or an importer who does not comply with the Act.

The Agency currently administers 60 compulsory standards and has proposed an additional 48 standards to be declared compulsory. This is in a bid to enhance its mandate of ensuring public health and safety, consumer and environmental protection.

It should be noted that products applied in the environment such as fertilizers and those which people consume, or use have the potential to affect their health and safety.

The 60 compulsory standards currently being administered and enforced by the ZCSA were adopted following a risk assessment which was conducted by stakeholders and clients in the public and private sectors. The assessment was conducted to ascertain the risk which products subjected to compulsory standards pose on public health and environmental safety and what needs to be done to mitigate the problem.

The ZCSA monitors compliance with compulsory standards through activities such as factory and border inspections, pre and post market surveillances. A market surveillance is an activity aimed at ensuring continued post market compliance by checking whether products already on the market meet the applicable quality and safety requirements.


Benefits of Compliance to Compulsory Standards

Compulsory standards have been put in place not to restrict growth of industry but help it thrive and to protect the public from consuming substandard products which may be hazardous.

Additionally, complying with compulsory standards protects local manufacturers business’ interest because imported products of a similar nature also have to conform to the local compulsory standards, hence protecting industry against substandard and cheaper products entering the market. This also entails that locally manufactured products can compete favourably with imported products as they are subject to the same minimum requirements.

Further, products which comply with compulsory standards create confidence in the ability of the local manufacturers to produce quality and safe products, thereby assisting businesses to grow through access to new markets. This is because adherence to compulsory standards helps businesses to meet regulatory requirements for both local and export markets.

Moreover, once industry players adhere to compulsory standards a level playing field is created because all participants in the industry are subjected to the same regulatory requirements. This, therefore, create a competitive business environment where players strive to grow by continually improving their business processes.


If a product is subject to a compulsory standard, it must meet specific criteria before it can be supplied to the market and these may include among others;

• Performance                         • Composition

• Contents                                • Methods of manufacturing or processing

• Design                                    • Construction

• Finish

• Packaging or labeling.

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Standard Applies To
1 ZS 005 Lead Acid Batteries
2 ZS 017 Poultry Feed
3 ZS 018 Pig Feed
4 ZS 019 Cattle Feed
5 ZS 056 Toilet Soap
6 ZS 058 Laundry Soap
7 ZS 062 Synthetic Detergent
8 ZS 063 Petroleum Jelly
9 ZS 071 School chalks- specification
10 ZS ISO 20345 Personal protective equipment - Safety footwear
11 ZS 074 Shoe Polish Specification
12 ZS 106 Safety of Household & Similar Electrical Appliances
13 ZS 189 Maize meal (Mealie meal)
14 ZS 201 Emulsion Paints For Interior and Exterior Use - Specification
15 ZS 234 Refined Edible Vegetable Oil
16 ZS 247 Household Hand Dishwashing Liquid Detergent
17 ZS 266 Reflex-Reflecting Vehicle Number Plates
18 ZS 295 High Gloss Synthetic Enamel Paint - Specification
19 ZS 321 Opaque Beer
20 ZS 369 Automotive gasoil (diesel fuel)
21 ZS 371 Road Tank Vehicles for Petroleum-Based Flammable Liquids - Specification
22 ZS 380 Illuminating kerosene
23 ZS 388 Bottled Water
24 ZS 395 Unleaded Petrol (Gasoline) for motor vehicles
25 ZS 430 Clear Beer
26 ZS 431 Compound Fertilizers
27 ZS 435 Wheat Flour
28 ZS 436 Primary Dry Batteries
29 ZS ISO 4074 Natural Latex Rubber Condoms - Requirements and Test Methods
30 ZS 429 The Handling, Storage, and Distribution of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) In Domestic, Commercial, and Industrial Installations. Part 4: Transportation of LPG In Bulk by Road - Code of Practice
31 ZS 438 Biscuits
32 ZS 547

Lubricating Oils - Specifications

Part-1: Automotive Gear oils Lubricating oils - Specification

33 ZS 547 -2 Industrial Gear Oils for open Gears
34 ZS 547

Lubricating Oils - Specifications

Part-3: Industrial Gear Oils for Enclosed Gears

35 ZS 554 Fruit Flavoured Drinks
36 558 Plugs and Socket Outlets, Adaptors and Connection Units Part 1 - Specifications for Rewirable and Rewirable 13a Fused Plugs
37 ZS 558 Plugs and Socket Outlets, Adaptors and Connection Units Part 2 - Switched and Unswitched Sockets- Outlets
38 ZS 558 Plugs and Socket Outlets, Adaptors and Connection Units Part 3 - Specification for Adaptors
39 ZS 559 Code of Practice for Inspection and Acceptance Criteria for Used Textiles Products - Salaula
40 ZS 560 Code of Practice for Inspection and Testing of Used Motor Vehicles for Road Worthiness
41 ZS 605 Fertilizer- Urea
42 ZS 606 Fertilizers - Ammonia Nitrate
43 ZS 607 Fertilizers- Calcium Ammonia Nitrate
44 ZS 608 Fertilizers- Ammonia Sulphate
45 ZS 688 - 1 Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 1: General
46 ZS 688 - 2 Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 2 - Wiring Cables
47 ZS 688 - 3 Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 3 - PVC Distribution Cables
48 ZS 688 - 4 Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 4 - XLPE Distribution Cables
49 ZS 688 - 5 Electric Cables with extended solid Dielectric insulation for fixed Installations (300/500 V to 1900/3 300V) specification part 5 - Halogen-free distribution Cables
50 ZS 723 Peanut butter
51 ZS EN 197


Part-1: Composition, Specifications and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements

52 ZS 065 Pure Glycerine
53 ZS 190 Potable Drinking Water
54 ZS 233 Crude Edible Vegetable Oils
55 ZS 327 Blended (Physical mixture) Fertilizers 
56 ZS 357 Pressed Steel Door Frames
57 ZS 373-1 Portable Fire Extinguishers- Portable, non-refillable fire extinguishers
58 ZS 373-2 Portable Fire Extinguishers- Carbon dioxide type fire extinguishers
59 ZS 389 White Sugar
60 ZS 394 Aviation Turbine Fuel (Jet A-1)
61 ZS 422-1 Bitumen for Building and Civil Engineering- Penetration Grade Bitumen
62 ZS 422-2 Bitumen for Building and Civil Engineering- Cutback Bitumen

12 + 7 =

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